Power Sector at a Glance ALL INDIA

         Updated on 20-09-2021
Source: OM SECTION
        1.Total Installed Capacity  (As on 31.08.2021) - Source : Central Electricity Authority (CEA)
        INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY (SECTOR WISE) AS ON 31.08.2021
Sector

MW

% of Total

Central Sector

97,637

25.2%

State Sector

1,03,921

26.8%

Private Sector

1,86,576

48.1%

Total

3,88,134 

100 %

 

 

 

 

 

Installed GENERATION CAPACITY(FUELWISE) AS ON 31.08.2021
CATAGORY

INSTALLED GENERATION CAPACITY(MW)

% of SHARE IN Total

Fossil Fuel

2,34,858

60.9%

Coal

2,02,805

52.6%

Lignite                        6,620                              1.7%

Gas

24,924

6.5%

Diesel

510

0.1%

Total Fossil Fuel 2,34,258 60.4%
Non-Fossil Fuel    
RES (Incl. Hydro)

1,47,096

37.9%

Hydro 46,412 12.0 %
Wind, Solar & Other RE 1,00,683 25.9 %
Nuclear

6,780

1.7%

Total Non-Fossil Fuel 1,53,876 39.6%

Total Installed Capacity

(Fossil Fuel & Non-Fossil Fuel)

3,88,134

100%

Policy Initiatives / Decision Taken

Electricity Act 2003 has been enacted and came into force from 15.06.2003. The objective is to introduce competition, protect consumer’s interests and provide power for all. The Act provides for National Electricity Policy, Rural Electrification, Open access in transmission, phased open access in distribution, mandatory SERCs, license free generation and distribution, power trading, mandatory metering and stringent penalties for theft of electricity.

It is a comprehensive legislation replacing Electricity Act 1910, Electricity Supply Act 1948 and Electricity Regulatory Commission Act 1998.The Electricity Act, 2003 has been amended on two occasions by the Electricity (Amendment) Act, 2003 and the Electricity (Amendment) Act, 2007. The aim is to push the sector onto a trajectory of sound commercial growth and to enable the States and the Centre to move in harmony and coordination.

Performance of Generation from All Sources

1.0 PERFORMANCE OF GENERATION FROM THERMAL, HYDRO, NUCLEAR & BHUTAN IMPORT

1.1 The electricity generation target of thermal, hydro, nuclear & Bhutan import for the year 2021-22 has been fixed as 1356 Billion Unit (BU). i.e. growth of around 9.83% over actual generation of 1234.608 BU for the previous year (2020-21). The generation from above categories during 2020-21 was 1234.608 BU as compared to 1250.784 BU generated during 2019-20, representing a negative growth of about 1.29%.

1.2 Total Generation and growth over previous year in the country during 2009-10 to 2021-22 :- 

Year

Total Generation

(Including Renewable Sources) (BU)

% of growth
2009-10 808.498 7.56
2010-11 850.387 5.59
2011-12 928.113 9.14
2012-13 969.506 4.46
2013-14 1,020.200 5.23
2014-15 1,110.392 8.84
2015-16 1,173.603 5.69
2016-17 1,241.689 5.80
2017-18 1,308.146 5.35
2018-19 1,376.095 5.19
2019-20 1,389.102 0.95
2020-21 1,381.827 -2.49
2021-22 * 641.111 15.21

* Upto Aug 2021 (Provisional), Source : CEA

1.3 The electricity generation target of Conventional Sources for the year 2021-22 was fixed at 1356 BU comprising of 1155.200 BU Thermal; 149.544 BU Hydro; 43.020 Nuclear; and 8.236 BU Import from Bhutan.

2.0 Plant Load Factor (PLF):

2.1 The PLF in the country (Coal & Lignite based) from 2009-10 to 2021-22 is as under:

Year PLF Sector-wise PLF (%)
% Central State Private
2009-10 77.5 85.5 70.9 83.9
2010-11 75.1 85.1 66.7 80.7
2011-12 73.3 82.1 68.0 69.5
2012-13 69.9 79.2 65.6 64.1
2013-14 65.60 76.10 59.10 62.10
2014-15 64.46 73.96 59.83 60.58
2015-16 62.29 72.52 55.41 60.49
2016-17 59.88 71.98 54.35 55.73
2017-18 60.67 72.35 56.83 55.32
2018-19 61.07 72.64 57.81 55.24
2019-20 55.99 64.21 50.24 54.64
2020-21 53.37 61.78 44.68 54.27
2021-22* 58.42 68.95 50.74 56.53

* Upto Aug 2021 (Provisional), Source : CEA

3.0 Power Supply Position

The power supply position in the country during 2009-10 to 2021-22 : 

  Energy Peak
Year Requirement Availability Surplus(+)/Deficts(-) Peak Demand Peak Met Surplus(+) / Deficts(-)
(MU) (MU) (MU) (%) (MW) (MW) (MW) (%)
2009-10 8,30,594 7,46,644 -83,950 -10.1 1,19,166 1,04,009 -15,157 -12.7
2010-11 8,61,591 7,88,355 -73,236 -8.5 1,22,287 1,10,256 -12,031 -9.8
2011-12 9,37,199 8,57,886 -79,313 -8.5 1,30,006 1,16,191 -13,815 -10.6
2012-13 9,95,557 9,08,652 -86,905 -8.7 1,35,453 1,23,294 -12,159 -9.0
2013-14 10,02,257 9,59,829 -42,428 -4.2 1,35,918 1,29,815 -6,103 -4.5
2014-15 10,68,923 10,30,785 -38,138 -3.6 1,48,166 1,41,160 -7,006 -4.7
2015-16 11,14,408 10,90,850 -23,558 -2.1 1,53,366 1,48,463 -4,903 -3.2
2016-17  11,42,929 11,35,334 -7,595 -0.7 1,59,542 1,56,934 -2,608 -1.6
2017-18 12,13,326 12,04,697 -8,629 -0.7 1,64,066 1,60,752 -3,314 -2.0
2018-19 12,74,595 12,67,526 -7,070 -0.6 1,77,022 1,75,528 -1,494 -0.8
2019-20 12,91,010 12,84,444 -6,566 -0.5 1,83,804 1,82,533 -1,271 -0.7
2020-21 12,75,534 12,70,663 -4,871 -0.4 1,90,198 1,89,395 -802 -0.4
2021-22* 4,66,241 4,64,800 -1,441 -0.3 2,00,931 2,00,570 -361 -0.2

* Upto Aug 2021 (Provisional), Source : CEA

 

Generation (Billion Units)

   Generation in Billion Unit

Generation Growth (%)

   Generation Growth