Fundamental Duties

It shall be the duty of every citizen of India
a to abide by the Constitution and respect its ideals and institutions, the National Flag and the National Anthem;
b to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
c to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
d to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
e to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all the people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities; to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
f to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
g to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life, and to have compassion for living creatures;
h to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
i to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
j to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collectiveactivity so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of endeavour and achievement;
k who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or, as the case may be, ward between the age of six and fourteen years